Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell

Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell

SN Features Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell
1. Nucleus Incipient nucleus True or real nucleus
2. Nuclear membrane Absent Present
3. DNA Naked (Lack Histone)  

Bound with histone protein

4. Nucleoplasm Absent Present (Well organized)
5. Cell wall Made up of peptidoglycan or murein  

Made up of cellulose in plant, chitin in fungi and absent in animal cell


Membrane bound cell organelles such as Mitochondria, ER, chloroplast, Golgi complex, lysosome etc

Absent Present
7. Ribosome 70s type Both 70S and 80S type
8. Site for respiration Mesosome Mitochondria
9. Photosynthesis bacteriochlorophyll Chloroplast (Plastid)
10. Centrioles Absent Present
11. Cyclosis Absent Present
12. Cell division Amitosis Mitosis and Meiosis
13. Exocytosis and Endocytosis Absent Present
14. 9+2 arrangement of microtubules in flagella Absent Present
15. Duration of cell cycle Short Long
16. Envelope system Single (cell membrane)  

Double (cell membrane and nuclear membrane)

17. Examples  

Bacteria, Blue Green Algae

Plant, Animal, Fungi

Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell