Pancreas: the mixed gland

Pancreas: the mixed gland

Mixed gland (both endocrine and exocrine function)

Size: elongated 12-15 cm long

Location: in the curve of duodenum

Endocrine portion of pancreas is called Islet of Langerhans, which is a group of cells.

Alpha cell= produce glucagon

Beta cell= produce Insulin

Delta cell= produce Somatostatin

F cell= produce pancreatic polypeptide

Hormones of pancreas

  1. Glucagon
  • Stimulate glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis; increase blood glucose level
  1. Insulin
  • Stimulate glycogenesis; decrease blood glucose level
  • Store glucose in the form of glycogen in liver and muscles

Pancreas: the mixed gland